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The community uptake of an online CRC risk assessment and its utility to assess for a potential hereditary colon cancer syndrome
Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice volume 9, Article number: P4 (2011)
The identification of individuals with Hereditary Non Polyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC) in the population is suboptimal. Causes include lack of physician recognition or failure to take an accurate family history. While colorectal cancer (CRC) in HNPCC is preventable by annual colonoscopy it is underutilized in part by lack of physician recommendation or poor understanding of personal risk of disease. We developed an online CRC risk assessment (http://www.clevelandclinic.org/score) incorporating family and personal history of adenomas and CRC which generated a pedigree, risk category and screening recommendations based on ACG guidelines. Modifiable lifestyle factors were also assessed and personalized recommendations were provided to minimize neoplasia due to those factors. We assessed the feasibility and online uptake of this tool and determined the proportion of high risk individuals who meet criteria suspicious for HNPCC.
The assessment included questions on demographics, use of previous CRC screening, and family and personal history of adenomas and CRC in 3 generations. Height, weight, age > or < 50, race, smoking exposure, physical activity, and dietary habits assessed. Risk categories included average, low, medium, and high.
3515 participants completed the assessment. 67% male, 81% white and 46% were < age 50 with mean BMI of 28.4. 53% reported eating < 3 servings of fruits/vegetables daily and 45% didn’t exercise > 30 minutes > 3 days/week. 61% never smoked and 28% were former smokers. 39% reported previous screening; 89% utilizing colonoscopy. 11% reported a history of adenomas and 1.3% CRC. The 405 individuals who reported a personal history of adenomas/CRC had a higher BMI 29.6 vs 28.1 (p= 0.013); age > 50 19% vs 6% (p < 0.001); greater current packs of cigarettes (p = 0.024) and years of current smoking (p = 0.032) than those without adenomas/CRC. Self reported screening use was associated with increased intake of fruits/vegetables (3-5 vs < 3 servings daily 1.8 (1.4-2.3, p < 0.0001), FDR with CRC 2.2 (1.6-3.2, p < 0.0001) and sibling with CRC 4.2 (2.3-7.7, p = 0.0001). The risk category (Table 1) revealed that 65% were average, 11% low, 22% medium, and 2% high risk. This prevalence of high risk individuals is similar to the frequency of Lynch syndrome reported in unselected CRC populations.
An online risk assessment is feasible to provide education regarding CRC risks and screening recommendations. It appears useful to identify individuals at risk of HNPCC although validation of the reported history is required.
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Burke, C.A., Leach, B., Dai, J. et al. The community uptake of an online CRC risk assessment and its utility to assess for a potential hereditary colon cancer syndrome. Hered Cancer Clin Pract 9, P4 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1186/1897-4287-9-S1-P4
- Lynch Syndrome
- Online Risk
- Modifiable Lifestyle Factor
- Hereditary Colon