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Table 2 Levels of cancer-related distress (IES-intrusion, n = 108*) as a function of sociodemographic, clinical and psychosocial factors

From: Colorectal Cancer in the Family: Psychosocial Distress and Social Issues in the Years Following Genetic Counselling

Characteristics IES
  n mean (sd) p-value
age     
   20–35 years 30 5.2 (6.1)  
   36–50 years 48 4.4 (5.8) 0.31
   51–75 years 30 6.9 (8.8)  
gender     
   male 58 4.6 (7.0) 0.24
   female 50 6.1 (6.7)  
level of education     
   low 37 6.3 (7.9)  
   middle 40 6.0 (7.2) 0.12
   high 30 3.1 (4.5)  
actual risk     
   mutation carriers 29 5.9 (5.8)  
   clinical HNPCC 56 5.7 (7.6) 0.47
   non-carriers 23 3.7 (6.3)  
perceived risk     
   much higher 32 5.2 (6.2)  
   somewhat higher 36 5.2 (6.0) 0.96
   same 31 4.8 (6.8)  
   lower 6 3.8 (6.4)  
treated for cancer     
   yes 20 7.5 (6.9)  
   benign polyp 23 7.0 (8.9) 0.06
   no 65 4.1 (5.8)  
professional support     
   ever 16 10.1 (6.8) 0.002
   never 91 4.4 (6.6)  
involvement in disease process of relative     
   very much 63 6.3 (6.8)  
   quite a bit 23 5.4 (6.5) 0.24
   a little/not at all 21 3.6 (7.3)  
  1. * Due to missing values for some of the variables, the total number of individuals in these analyses is 108.