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Identification of copy number alterations associated with the progression of DCIS to invasive ductal carcinoma

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-obligate precursor to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). Identification of the genetic differences between the two lesions may assist in identifying genes that promote the invasive phenotype. To annotate these alterations we analysed 21 breast tumours containing synchronous areas of DCIS and IDC. Tumour cells were microdissected from FFPE tissue and analysed by 300K Molecular Inversion Probe (MIP) copy number arrays. Matched IDC and DCIS showed highly similar copy number profiles (average of 83% of the genome shared). Four regions of loss (3q, 6q, 8p and 11q) and four regions of gain (5q, 16p, 19q and 20) were recurrently affected in IDC but not in the matching DCIS. CCND1 and MYC showed increased amplitude of gain in IDC. One region of loss (17p11.2) was specific to DCIS. Our data shows that DCIS is an advanced pre-invasive tumour with genetic instability and continues to evolve in parallel with co-existing IDC. In the IDC-specific regions of genomic alteration we have identified novel loci as well as genes with previous links to breast cancer progression.

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Correspondence to KL Gorringe.

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C Johnson, KL Gorringe, GB Mann and IG Campbell contributed equally to this work.

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Open Access This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License ( ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Johnson, C., Gorringe, K., Thompson, E. et al. Identification of copy number alterations associated with the progression of DCIS to invasive ductal carcinoma. Hered Cancer Clin Pract 10, A93 (2012).

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  • Breast Cancer
  • Invasive Ductal Carcinoma
  • Genetic Instability
  • Breast Cancer Progression
  • Genomic Alteration